The Fourfold Vision

The Fourfold Vision by F. Sherwood Taylor M.A.,Ph.D.

A study of the Relations of Science and Religion

This is another book re-publishing request from Rachel John. As I have put into the copyright page: ‘The Fourfold Vision was kindly loaned from the library of C.R. John for this reprint. It is republished at her request because it is a book of profound sense with particular relevance to the early part of the 21st Century’.

BLURB

Originally published in 1945, The Fourfold Vision makes a welcome return. Here is the full integration of science and issues of faith from the pen of a master.

F. Sherwood Taylor has gained great respect for his work on The Alchemist and many other books where scientific investigation meets with matters of belief. He was the first editor of ‘Ambix’ magazine and was Director at the Museum of History of Science in Oxford.

Join him here on a classic journey from the centre of Science and Philosophy to the heart of Art and Nature.

The Fourfold VisionPREFACE

The intention of this book is to suggest that the knowledge and methods of science are not contrary to religion, but may indeed contribute thereto. I have endeavoured, therefore, to express myself in the language of science and have not scrupled to neglect, in large measure, those metaphysical arguments which, conclusive as they are to the philosopher or theologian, are unfamiliar and indeed unintelligible to those who are accustomed to no other data and methods than those of modern science. It is difficult to write accurately of philosophical and theological matters without using the appropriate technical vocabularies; and since I have thought it best to do without these convenient but unattractive modes of expression, I ask that the best construction should be placed upon any inexact or ambiguous language.

I wish to express my sincere gratitude to the Revd. J. Leycester-King, S.J., the Revd. Victor White, O.P., S.T.L., and Professor E. T. Whittaker, F.R.S., for reading the manuscript and suggesting a number of corrections and elucidations. I am also indebted to the publishers of the “Encyclopaedia Britannica” for permission to quote from the article on the Wagtail, and to Messrs. P. J. & A. E. Dobell for allowing me to reproduce part of Thomas Traherne’s poem “The City.”

F. SHERWOOD TAYLOR. – Museum of the History of Science, Oxford.

CONTENTS

PREFACE ix
THE FUNCTIONS AND METHOD OF SCIENCE AND RELIGION 1
I. THE PRESENT DISUNION OF WISDOM 1
2. NATURAL SCIENCE AS KNOWLEDGE 3
3. NATURAL SCIENCE IN ACTION 11
4. THE FUNCTION OF RELIGION 13
5. THE METHOD OF RELIGION 14
6. CONTACTS BETWEEN RELIGION AND SCIENCE 18
SCIENCE AND RELIGIOUS BELIEF 20
I. APPARENT CONFLICT OF SCIENCE WITH PARTICULAR RELIGIOUS BELIEFS 20
2. THE LIMITATIONS OF SCIENTIFIC OBSERVATIONS 21
3. THE LIMITATIONS 0F SCIENTIFIC LAWS 25
4. PROVISIONAL CHARACTER OF SCIENTIFIC LAWS 28
5. RELEVANT CONDITIONS MUST BE IDENTICAL IF SCIENTIFIC LAWS ARE TO APPLY 30
6. THE WORD ‘LAW’ 32
7. SCIENTIFIC LAW AND INTELLIGENT BEINGS 34
8. SCIENTIFIC LAW AS FOUNDATION FOR A JUDGMENT 36
9. EXAMPLE OF FALLACIOUS REASONING FROM SCIENTIFIC LAW 39
10. PROBABILITIES NOT USEFUL IN MATTERS OF VITAL IMPORT 42
11. SCIENCE AND THE MIRACULOUS 44
MATERIALISM 45
1. THE MATERIALISTIC CREED 45
2. THE BASIS OF THE MATERIALIST CREED 48
3. MATERIALISM AND DETERMINISM 49
4. MATERIALISM NOT SELF-EVIDENT 50
5. FALLACIES OF MATERIALISM 51
6. MATERIALISM AND ALLEGED SUPERNATURAL PHENOMENA 53
7. THE MERITS OF MATERIALISM 54
8. SCIENCE, AGNOSTICISM, MATERIALISM AND RELIGION 54
9. RELIGION NOT ONLY A BELIEF 56
SCIENCE IN SUPPORT OF RELIGIOUS BELIEF 57
I. SCIENTIFIC PROOF OR DISPROOF 57
2. IS GOD TO BE DISCOVERED BY SCIENCE? 59
3. IS THE NON-EXISTENCE OF GOD TO BE DISCOVERED BY SCIENCE? 60
4. SOURCES OF EVIDENCE OF THE EXISTENCE OF GOD 61
5. THE POSSIBILITY OF PROOF OF GOD’S EXISTENCE 65
ARGUMENTS FOR THE EXISTENCE OF GOD DRAWN FROM THE EXISTENCE OF THE UNIVERSE 67
I. ARGUMENT FROM THE MERE EXISTENCE OF MATTER 67
2. THE VALIDITY OF THE ARGUMENT FROM THE EXISTENCE OF MATTER 70
3. ARGUMENTS FROM SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE TO SHOW THAT THE UNIVERSE BEGAN A FINITE NUMBER OF YEARS AGO 72
4. ARGUMENTS FROM THE STATE OF THE WORLD AS IT IS 73
NATURAL SCIENCE AND NATURAL WISDOM 76
I. SCIENCE AS A PART OF KNOWLEDGE 76
2. MODES OF APPREHENDING THE WORLD 78
3. A FURTHER EXAMINATION OF THE INTUITION OF GOD IN NATURE 83
4. THE FOURFOLD VIEW OF THE UNIVERSE 93
5. THE AMENDMENT OF SCIENCE 96
CONCLUSION 99

The Fourfold Vision is Republished and available at Lulu.com for £9.99 and can be purchased from this link: The Fourfold Vision by F. Sherwood Taylor M.A.,Ph.D.